The coldest part of the season is winter that begins when the day’s average temperature drops and remains below 0C. Lakes are getting frozen, the topsoil is getting frozen too and the ground is covered by the layer snow. Normally it snows for the first time in the mid of November in the northeastern part of Latvia. The weather in winter, like in autumn, is determined by the frequent cyclones. In winter air temperatures normally range between +5C and -10C. in clear winter nights temperatures can drop as low as -25C and even lower.
You can find oceanic as well as continental species and many rare and protected plants in Latvia. Around 223 different bird species are nesting in the territory of Latvia, including such rare birds as sea eagles, black and white storks. Latvia’s National Bird is White Wagtail (balta cielava). This slender and graceful bird is often found in Latvia from April till October.
In Latvia is still a large population of predators including around 400 wolves( more than in the whole of Northwestern Europe). The most common mammals are hares, red squirrels, moose, elk, wild boar, red deer and foxes. Additionally, Latvia has the biggest beaver population in Europe.
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