The Biochemistry of Snake Venom
The procoagulants in the venom of the inland taipan are used to activate prothrombin to alpha thrombin. The anticoagulants are used to prevent interference of immunoglobins which interfere with phospholipid dependent in vitro coagulation tests.
Considering that the components of snake venom are still largely unknown, there is great possibility for more medical uses of these compounds.
Snake venom consists of many compounds, although the main constituents are proteins and enzymes. These poisons cause muscle paralysis, internal bleeding, and degeneration of muscle tissues.
Because we do not yet have a full understanding of the biochemistry of snake venom, the medical uses of its compounds go largely untapped. However, this will soon change, as the research into snake venom is expanding, especially in Australia.
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