England is the largest of the four political divisions that make up Wales were joined with Scotland to from Kingdom of Great Britain. For a discussion of the United Kingdom as a whole and of its history since 1707, see the World Book article on United Kingdom.
Facts in brief
Official language: English
Area: 50,378sq. mi. (130,478 km2). Greatest distances – north – south, about 360 mi. (579 km); east – west, about 270 mi. (435km). Coastline- about 1,150 mi. (1,851km)
Elevation: Highest – Scafell Pike, 3,210 ft. (978m) above sea level. Lowest – Great Holme Fen, near the River Ouse in Cambridgeshire, 9 ft. (2.7m) below sea level.
Population: Estimated 1994 population – 48,270,000; distribution, 95 percent urban, 5 percent rural; density, 958 persons per sq. mi. (370 persons per km2). 1991 census – 47,078,000. Estimated 1999 population- 49,151,000.…
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