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Опубликованно: 29.04.2009.
Язык: Английский
Уровень: Университет
Литературный список: Нет
Ссылки: Использованы
Nr. Название главы  Стр.
1.  Abstract    4
2.  Summary    4
2.1.  Polish summary    4
2.2.  Danish summary    5
2.3.  English summary    5
3.  Introduction    6
4.  Motivation    6
5.  Problem formulation    7
5.1.  Research question    7
5.2.  Sub-questions    7
6.  Dimensions    7
7.  Delimitations    7
8.  Historical Part    8
8.1.  The Republic of Poland    8
8.2.  History of Poland    9
8.3.  Soviet Union    10
8.4.  Second World War    10
8.5.  Berlin Wall    11
8.6.  European Union    11
9.  Text & Sign    13
9.1.  The language    13
9.2.  Acquisition of second language    17
9.2.1.  Internal acquisition factors    18
9.2.2.  External acquisition factors    18
9.3.  Lingua franca    19
9.4.  Multilingualism and Bilingualism    19
9.5.  Maximal and minimal    19
9.6.  Multilingual Europe    19
10.1.  Psychology of motivation    20
10.2.  Btion in learning language    22
10.3.  Introduction to our research    30
10.4.  An interview    31
10.5.  The research. Methodology    35
10.5.1.  Participants    35
10.5.2.  Questionnaire and procedure    35
10.5.3.  Pilot research    36
10.6.  Results    37
10.6.1.  Which language (L2 and L3) do/did people learn until and after 1989?    37
10.6.2.  Every day life and usage language L2/L3    39
10.6.3.  Why did/do you learn foreign language? Motivators    40
10.6.4.  SPSS. Statistic analysis – the mathematical perspective    46
10.7.  Discussion    52
10.7.1.  Methodological problems. Findings and discussion    52
10.7.2.  Questions after research    53
10.7.3.  Do our respondents assess their own language skills accurately?    54
10.7.4.  What else, except from the motivation, does influence on language skills?    55
  A linguistic intelligence. Language abilities. The attention    55
10.7.5.  Usefulness of our project. Who and where can use our results    56
10.7.6.  References to interview. Which foreign languages are popular nowadays? Renaissance of Russian    58
10.7.7.  Bilingualism    59
10.7.8.  Lingua Franca    60
11.  General conclusion    62
12.  A special section required by the progression two year frame    63
13.  A critical reflection on the group’s working process    64
14.  References    65
  Attachments    65
Фрагмент работы

3. Introduction.
Poland as a land between crossroads of Easter and Western Europe has been influenced a lot by different historical, political and cultural aspects of both, East and West (CNN, 2008). The changes and influences during the last century have been very rapid and are still on- going, increasing. People within one/two generations must have changed and developed their point of view and position in the global society in a very short period of time. Where does their motivation to learn the languages derive from? Is that internal or external motivation or maybe convergence of both. As the first world’s ministry of Education was created in Poland back in 1773 we assume that this country must have strong roots in the importance of education, including language learning. By the processes of Europeanization ones communication skills like knowledge and acquisition of foreign languages are becoming more and more important, necessary and required, especially if to make the population more equal with the same opportunities and not cause linguistic handicaps in the current situation of internationalization, globalization etc. (Phillipe Van Parijs, 2004)

4. Motivation.
Our main motivation/aim is to achieve wider knowledge on psychology of motivation and process of language obtaining. How different factors like history, culture or life conditions influence the acquisition of a foreign languages. Moreover, how the above mentioned factors could influence the process of bilingualism, multilingualism, learning foreign languages and lingua franca. How processes like internationalization, Europeanization and globalization influence current linguistic situation and future language trends.

5. Problem formulation.
5.1 Research question
How does the fast necessity to obtain the English language during the rapid change from the Soviet Union& communism to the European Union in the post-soviet countries like Poland has influenced language learning?
5.2. Sub-questions.
• Why and how do we learn languages?
• How has the factors of motivation and learning of foreign languages in Poland changed after the II World War?
• How does this motivation matters in different social levels/ urban and rural areas?
• How has the “lingua franca” been perceived in the particular region?
• What are the future language trends?
• How to motivate people to learn more new languages and choose the “right” languages?

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