American Youth Slang
|1.||Origins of language||9|
|2.||Varieties within a language||11|
|3.||What is slang||14|
|3.1.||Origin and Definition||14|
|3.2.||Types of Slang||15|
|4.||The Functions of Slang Terms||16|
|5.||The use of slang||17|
|6.||Slang in the United States of America||20|
|6.1.||The First Sources of Slang||20|
|6.2.||The Change of Attitude towards Slang||21|
|6.3.||New Sources of Slang||22|
|7.||The Youth Language||24|
|8.1.||Characteristics of Youth Slang||26|
|8.2.||Youth Slang across Subcultures||27|
|9.||The analysis of semantic fields in American youth slang: an outline||28|
|9.1.||The Choice of the Research Object||28|
|9.2.||Sources of the Research||28|
|9.3.||The Methods and Process of the Research||30|
|10.||The analysis of semantic fields in American youth slang||32|
|10.1.||Illegal Substances and the Condition of being intoxicated||32|
|10.2.||Description of human personality||34|
|10.4.||Action and movement||39|
|10.6.||Other Semantic Fields||42|
Having done the research and written the paper “American Youth Slang”, the author has come to the following conclusions.
American Youth Slang is an extremely perspective theme for research. The usage of slang has changed throughout time and is now used because it eases the language and helps to express thoughts in a more concise way. It plays an important role in the modern society.
In this paper the author has summarized the results of his study in American Youth Slang and the relevant sources (American teenage movies) and has presented the results of the analysis of examples of American Slang words that are used by teenagers. A total of 245 slang words have been collected (appendix1) and arranged in semantic fields (appendix 2). 16% of slang words are in the semantic field illegal substances, 15% description of human personality, 8% social interactions, 7% action and movement, 7% human relationships, 6% interjection, 6% friends and family, 6% leisure activities, 5% human appearance, 5% feeling of discomfort, 4% transport, 4% greeting/saying good bye, 4% interest or lack of it in opposite sex, 3% pleasant state of being, 2% illegal action, 1% amount, 1% meal, 1% jewelry, 1% gain/benefit.(appendix 3) The process of research into the theme has shown that the theme is highly topical, especially among pupils and students.
The positive feedback that the author can mention is that this research has helped to understand the rich world of language, that it can be viewed as a pyramid. There is a language, but it is then divided into standard and nonstandard, nonstandard language includes jargon, slang etc. This work also helped to understand that slang words hide a deeper meaning which is not always seen on the surface. The author has learned that many of the words that have been well known before are actually slang words, and are used simply to brief the words or to show belonging to a specific group.
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